What is the Community of Inquiry
Cognitive Presence: Cognitive presence is the extent to which learners are able to construct and confirm meaning through sustained reflection and discourse (Garrison, Anderson and Archer, 2001).
Social Presence: “The ability of the participants to identify with the community (e.g., course of study) communicate purposefully in a trusting environment, and develop inter-personal relationship by way of projecting their individual personalities” (Garrison, 2009).
Teaching Presence: Teaching Presence is the design, facilitation, and direction of the cognitive and social processes for the purpose of realizing personally meaningful and educationally worthwhile learning outcomes (Anderson, Rourke, Garrison, and Archer, 2001).
The community of Inquiry model. Copyright 2007 R. Garrison, T. Anderson, W. Archer and L. Rourke et al., University of Calgary.
Researchers including Lamber and Fisher, 2013 and Annand, 2011 have investigated the individual contribution of each of the three components of the Coi: Cognitive Presence (CP), Teaching Presence (TP), and Social Presence (SP). Though all of the researchers found that each component is important for educational experience, there was no agreement about which element contributes the most to the learning outcome. The equal size overlapping circles representing the Coi framework assume that CP = TP = SP in the overlapping circles. They, however, contribute unequally to the educational experience.
Coi: Meaning and confirm mutual understanding constructed from a collaborative engagement of a group of individuals in a critical discourse and reflecton.
The community of Inquiry is a concept first introduces by Peirce and John Dewey. The concept concerns the nature of knowledge formation and the process of scientific inquiry. According to the framework, knowledge is necessary embedded in social context and, therefore, requires contribution of each member of the group involved in the inquiry and engagement among them.
A Constructivist Approach to Learning
“What man sees depends both upon what he looks at and also upon what his previous visual-conceptual experience had taught him to see” (Kuhn, 1996, p. 113)
“Learning is enhanced by social interaction. The constructivist process works best in social
settings as students have the opportunity to
compare and share their ideas with others” (Coopersteon & Kocevar-Weidinger, 2004).
Online Education: Community of Inquiry Remix
Interactive web-site designed to collect published research about the CoI and discuss these publications with interested researchers and practitioners
A theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John D ewey’s progressive understanding of education.
American Association for Community of Inquiry.
1. Akyol, Z., Garrison, D., & Ozden, M. (2009)
2. Shea, P., Fredericksen, E., Pickett, A., & Pelz, W. (n.d.)
3. Garrison, D., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2010)
4. Kucuck, S., Shai, I. (2013)
5. Annand, D.
6. Lambert, J., & Fisher, J.
7. Arbaugh, J. (2008)
8. Mckerlich, R., & Anderson, T. (2007)
9. Garrison, D. (n.d.)
10. Swan, K. & Ice, P. (2010)